Nepal is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People’s Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India. A population of approximately 30 million, Nepal is the world’s 93rd largest country by land mass and the 41st most populous country. Kathmandu is the capital of the nation and a treasure house of ancient art and culture currency is 1nepalese rupee.
Economic development in Nepal has been complicated an affected by the constant change in political scenarios which has ranged from being a monarchy to being ruled by the Communist party in the present context. An isolated, agrarian society until the mid-20th century, Nepal entered the modern era in 1951 without schools, hospitals, roads, telecommunications, electric power, industry, or civil service.
It was long based on home schooling and Gurukulal. The first formal school was established in 1853, but was intended for the elites. The education plan in 1971 fastened the development of education in the country:In 1951, The first institution for training health workers started 75 years ago. Further development of teaching/learning institutions, mainly governmental started from the middle of the 20th Century. It was however with the setting up of the Institute of Medicine (IoM) under TU that training programmes for different grades of health manpower were started. The last two decades has seen an explosion of institutions involved in the training of health personnel. This is possibly because of the huge demand of human resources of health (HRH) not only in Nepal, but worldwide.
The official language of Nepal is Nepali, formerly called Khaskura then Gorkhali. According to the 2011 national census, the percentage of Nepali Bhasi people is about 44.6%.Maithili is the second largest Nepalese language and according to 2011 Census, the percentage of Maithil people is 11.57%.
The history of Nepal has been influenced by its position in the Himalayas and its two neighbors, modern day India and China. Central Nepal was split into three kingdoms from the 15th century until the 18th century, when it was re-unified under the Shah monarchy. The national and most spoken language of Nepal is Nepali.
Nepal is a small, landlocked country, situated between Tibet (China) to its north, and India to its east, west and south. At latitudes between 26 and 30 degrees north and longitudes between 80 and 88 degrees east, the country covers an area of 147,181sq.km and stretches approximately 145-241 km. north to south and 850 km. west to east.
Climatic conditions of Nepal vary from one place to another in accordance with their geographical features. In the north summers are cool and winters severe, while in the south summers are tropical and winters are mild. Nepal has five seasons: spring, summer, monsoon, autumn and winter.
• Nepal is a preferred location, especially for Indian students owing to a number of reasons.
• The quality education provided by these institutes, competitive fee structure, and less complicated documentation are among few reasons, for Indian students choosing this country for higher education.
• Moreover the food habits, culture and lifestyle is matched to a great deal with that of India.
• Unlike other countries, you do not require any Visa to study in this country.
• Many of the colleges are approved by the Medical Council of India and even curriculum of MBBS course is similar to that followed in Indian counterparts.
• Being an English and Hindi speaking region, Indian students find it easy to communicate with the people of this country.